Choosing the best programming language to learn can feel like a daunting task. However, there are a few key factors that can help your decision. The most important factor is typically the type of projects you want to create. For example, if you want to create a website, you’ll need to learn a language that can generate HTML code.
Other important factors to consider include the popularity of the language (more popular languages tend to have more resources available), the level of difficulty (some languages are harder to learn than others), and the community support (a strong community can be very helpful when you’re just starting out).
With all of that in mind, let’s take a look at some of the best programming languages to learn in 2020.
C++ programming language
C++ is a general-purpose language that was designed to make it easier to write programs that work well across different computer platforms. It is often referred to as the “glue” between hardware and software. C++ is a compiled language meaning that it compiles down to machine code before being executed. C++ is a multi-paradigm language meaning that it supports object-oriented, procedural, generic, and functional paradigms.
Uses of C++?
C++ is considered a high-level language and is generally used to develop applications for Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, iOS, Android, etc. It is often used for developing applications for operating systems, embedded devices, networking, and web services. It is also used for developing games and multimedia software.
Why Do We Need C++?
The primary goal of C++ is to provide programmers with a powerful, flexible, and high-level programming language. In addition, C++ provides many useful tools for writing portable code, including templates, exceptions, dynamic memory allocation, and operator overloading. These features allow C++ programs to work well across different platforms, without requiring any changes to the program.
How Does C++ Differ from C?
C++ is not a strict subset of C; rather, it extends the syntax of C with additional keywords and operators. Most notably, C++ supports class inheritance, whereas C only supports function overriding. Another difference between C and C++ is that C++ uses pointers instead of integers to represent variables.
What are some Advantages of using C++?
One advantage of using C++ is that it makes it easier to write portable code. Because C++ is a superset of C, it shares much of the same syntax and semantics (meaning that they have similar meanings). As a result, C++ programs can run on almost any platform, regardless of whether it is 32-bit, 64-bit, Windows, Linux, or Mac OS X.
What are Some Disadvantages of using C++?
Although C++ is a great programming language, it is not always the best choice for certain applications. One disadvantage of using C++ is the lack of standardization. There are no standards bodies overseeing the creation of C++ specifications, so there is no guarantee that two different compilers will produce identical results. Another drawback is that C++ tends to be slower than languages like Java and Python.
Java Programming Language to Learn
Java is a general-purpose programming language that runs on many operating systems including Windows, macOS, Linux, and Android. Java is a class-based language meaning that classes are the basic unit of code. Classes allow developers to create reusable components and objects. Java is a strongly typed language meaning that variables must have specific data types. Java is also a compiled language meaning that the program is converted into bytecode (a series of instructions) before execution.
Uses of Java Programming Language
Java is a powerful and extensible programming language that allows developers to create comprehensive, strong applications. Java is used in many industries, ranging from web-based applications and Mobile applications to enterprise-level systems. Java is also a popular choice for embedded systems and scientific computing.
Advantages to Use of the Java Language
Java is based on open standards. This means that anyone can access the Java API and create their own products. Java is platform-independent, meaning that programs written in Java can run on any operating system. Java is also object-oriented, which means that it supports modular programming and code reuse. These features make Java an ideal choice for developing enterprise-level applications.
Disadvantages to use Java language
There are a few potential disadvantages to using the Java programming language. Java is slow. Since Java programs are converted into bytecode, they’re slower than programs written in other languages.Java is resource intensive. If you want to run Java programs on low-end hardware, you’ll need to pay close attention to memory allocation. Additionally, the language can be quite complex, so beginners may find it difficult to learn.
Finally, because Java is platform-independent, it can be less efficient than languages that are specific to a particular operating system or hardware platform.Java is difficult to learn. It takes time to become familiar with the syntax and structure.
Despite these drawbacks, Java still remains one of the most popular programming languages out there. And if you’re looking for a fast, reliable, and secure programming language, Java could be just what you need.
Python Coding Language to Learn
Python is a general-purpose scripting language that is popular among programmers. Python is a dynamic language meaning that it does not require compilation. Python is interpreted at runtime meaning that it executes each line of code as soon as it is read. Python is a highly readable language making it ideal for beginners. Python is also a strong typing language meaning that variables must be declared before they are used. Python is a multi-parallel programming language meaning that it can run several tasks simultaneously.
Uses of Python
Python is a highly customizable programming language that has the ability to perform a broad range of functions. For example, Python can be used for web development, scientific computing, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and more. Moreover, Python is considered a beginner-level language and is widely used to develop small scripts and utilities.
Advantages of using Python
The advantages of learning Python are numerous. Python is free and open source. You don’t have to pay anything to learn how to program in Python. Python is cross-platform. You can run Python code on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and Android devices. It is easy to learn. There are lots of online tutorials and books that teach you how to write Python scripts.
Python is reliable. It is well tested and supported by the community. Python is scalable. You can easily add more modules to extend the functionality of your application.
Disadvantages of Python
Python is a multi-functional programming language that can be applied to the server side, frontend, or entire stack of a web application. However, there are some disadvantages of using Python that you should be aware of. First, Python is not as fast as some other languages like C++. But if you want to learn how things work, then Python is great. Second, it can be difficult to integrate Python with other languages. Finally, Python’s syntax is not as consistent as some other languages, which can make it harder to read and write Python code.
PHP Programming Language to Learn
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and was created by Rasmus Lerdorf. It is a server-side scripting language that uses HTML markup to create dynamic web pages. PHP is a procedural language meaning that it uses a sequence of statements to perform operations. PHP is a multi-parallel programming language meaning that it executes several tasks simultaneously.
It is open source and distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). PHP is commonly used with MySQL databases. PHP supports many different database types including Oracle, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Firebird, DB2, Informix, and others. PHP is supported by many hosting companies and is widely used in open-source projects.
Uses of PHP
PHP is a powerful tool for building websites and applications. It is often used to create dynamic websites, eCommerce sites, blogs, forums, CMS systems, CRM systems, etc. PHP is also used to build custom solutions for specific business requirements.
Advantages of Use of PHP
PHP is a popular scripting language that is widely used for developing web applications. It offers many advantages over other languages, making it an ideal choice for web development. PHP is easy to learn and use, and it is free and open source. Additionally, PHP is highly scalable and can be used on both small and large websites. PHP also offers excellent support for databases, making it a good choice for data-driven applications.
Disadvantages of using PHP
There are a few disadvantages to using PHP. First, Even though PHP is free, it is not secure. Hackers can easily exploit vulnerabilities in the system to gain access to your site. To prevent this, you need to update your server regularly. Second, PHP is not fast at all. It is extremely inefficient and takes a lot longer than other languages to execute.
In addition, PHP does not allow for many optimizations, which means that if you want to run a database query, it will take a long time. You can speed things up by using MySQL instead of PDO, but even then, it still won’t be as quick as something like Python. Finally, it can be difficult to debug PHP code, since it is not as easy to read as some other languages.
Kotlin Programming Language to Learn
Kotlin Programming Language (Kotlin) is a statically typed programming language developed by JetBrains. Kotlin was created to provide developers with concise code while maintaining high productivity. Kotlin is designed to make Java easier to use and more enjoyable to write. Kotlin combines the best features of object-oriented and functional languages. Kotlin is a general-purpose JVM-based programming language. It compiles down to bytecode that runs on any JVM-compliant virtual machine.
Kotlin supports multi-platform development using Android Studio IDE. You can develop applications for Android, iOS, Mac OS X, Windows, etc. Kotlin provides many modern programming features including null safety, coroutines, extension functions, inline classes, and much more.
Uses of Kotlin
Kotlin is a multiplatform language that can run on any platform where Java runs. Kotlin is a great choice for mobile application development. Kotlin is a modern programming tool that helps developers write clean code. Kotlin is a powerful language that offers a lot of productivity gains.
Advantages of Kotlin Language
Kotlin is a fast, secure, and reliable language. Kotlin is a simple language that makes complex things easy. Kotlin is a fun language that is easy to learn. Kotlin is a smart language that is easy to read. Kotlin is a versatile language that is easy to extend. Kotlin is a dynamic language that is easy to debug. Kotlin is a flexible language that is easy to integrate. Kotlin is a robust language that is easy to test.
Disadvantages of Kotlin Language
There are a few disadvantages of using Kotlin as a programming language. First, it is not as widely adopted as other languages, so there is less community support available. Second, it can be more difficult to find Kotlin-specific resources and tools. Finally, Kotlin can be more challenging to learn than some other languages, so it may take longer to get up to speed.
Perl Programming Language to Learn
Perl is a general-purpose programming language originally written by Larry Wall. It is a descendant of Larry Wall’s Practical Extraction and Report Language (PERL). Perl is a dynamic language, meaning that variables change their values over time. In addition, Perl is object-oriented, meaning that everything in the program is treated as an object. Objects have attributes (data) and methods (functions). These objects interact with each other via messages called method calls.
Perl is a multi-paradigm language. That means that it supports different styles of programming. There are two primary paradigms: procedural and OOP. Procedural programming focuses on how things work. Object-oriented programming focuses on how things look. Perl uses both paradigms. Perl is a powerful tool for text processing, system administration, database access, CGI scripting, and much more.
Uses of Perl
Perl is a general-purpose scripting language that is commonly used for web applications, CGI scripts, and desktop utilities. Perl is a great choice if you want to create web pages. Web servers run Perl scripts to generate HTML documents. Perl is also useful for automating tasks.
Many companies use Perl to automate routine business processes. Perl is a good choice if you want to write software for Unix systems. It is compatible with UNIX operating systems. Perl is a great platform for developing mobile apps. Perl is a popular platform for developing mobile apps for Android and iOS devices.
Advantages of Perl language
Perl is a powerful tool for writing programs. It is not difficult to learn, and many people use it daily. Perl is free and open source. Perl is a great language for beginners. It is simple to understand, and you don’t need any special training to get started.
Perl is also highly customizable. You can add features to Perl at any time. Perl is a great way to teach yourself computer science. Perl is a great introduction to object-oriented programming. Learning about objects helps you understand how computers work.
Disadvantages of Perl Language
While Perl is praised for its flexibility and wide range of applications, it also has its fair share of disadvantages. One downside is that Perl is not as widely known or used as some other languages, so finding support or resources can sometimes be difficult. Additionally, Perl is not as easy to read or learn as some other languages, so it can be a bit daunting for new programmers. Finally, Perl code can sometimes be messy and hard to follow, making it difficult to debug or maintain, and have No standard library official website.
Swift Programming Language
Swift is a modern programming language developed by Apple Inc. Swift was first announced at WWDC 2016. It is a compiled object-oriented programming language. Swift is a general-purpose programming language that can be used to create applications for both Mac OS X and iOS platforms.
Swift is designed to make iOS app development easier and faster than ever before. Swift is built upon the foundation of Objective-C and adds features such as type value semantics, automatic memory management, safety, and powerful operator overloading.
Uses of Swift Language
Swift is a general-purpose programming language suitable for a wide variety of tasks including mobile app development, server-side web development, embedded systems, desktop apps, game development, data science, finance, bioinformatics, education, and many others.
Advantages to use Swift Language
It is designed to be a safe, secure, open-source, compiled language that runs blazingly fast on iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux. Swift is built on top of LLVM/Clang compiler infrastructure. Swift’s design goals focus on safety, performance, productivity, and concurrency. These features make Swift an excellent choice for developing high-quality software.
Disadvantages to use Swift Language
There are a few disadvantages to using the Swift programming language. First, there is not as much online support or documentation available as for other languages. Second, it is a compiled language, so it can be difficult to debug code. Finally, it is not as widely adopted as some other languages, so it can be difficult to find Swift-specific libraries and tools.
Matlab Programming Language to Learn
Matlab is a programming language developed by Mathworks Inc, originally released in 1991. It was designed to make numerical computing easier and faster than using traditional languages like C/C++. Matlab is a high-level interpreted language, meaning that programs written in Matlab are compiled into machine code at run time. Matlab is a multi-paradigm language that supports object-oriented programming (OOP), imperative programming, functional programming, and procedural programming.
Uses of MatLab
It was originally designed for numerical computation and data analysis. However, it has evolved over time to become a general-purpose computing environment. It is widely used in engineering, science, business, economics, finance, statistics, control systems, signal processing, image processing, pattern recognition, machine learning, artificial intelligence, computer vision, robotics, and many other fields.
Advantages to use MatLab language
The advantages of using MatLab are various. It is Easy to learn and highly interactive. Have a fast execution speed, flexible programming environment, powerful visualization tools, and extensive libraries and packages. It is an Open source software and no installation is required.
Disadvantages of using Matlab
There are a few disadvantages to using Matlab. First, it can be difficult to read and understand code written in Matlab. Additionally, Matlab can be slow to run, especially when compared to languages like C++. Finally, Matlab can be expensive to purchase and may require a license to use.
Ruby Coding Language to Learn
Ruby is a dynamic object-oriented, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose computer programming language created by Yukihiro Matsumoto in 1995. It was designed to make programmers’ lives easier by providing features such as automatic memory management, operator overloading, modules, exceptions, and reflection. Ruby is similar to Perl and Python in many ways but differs in its syntax and semantics.
Uses of Ruby Language
Ruby is often used for web applications, CGI scripts, command-line utilities, and desktop applications. Ruby is widely used in Rails, Sinatra, and Merb frameworks. Ruby is used for developing enterprise systems. It is also used for building DSLs (Domain Specific Languages) and DSLs are used for writing domain-specific tools. Ruby is used for implementing Domain Specific Languages.
Advantages to use Ruby Language
Ruby is known for being fast. Its syntax is simple and concise, making it easy to read and understand. Ruby is a relatively easy language to learn compared to many others. You don’t need any prior experience to get started. Ruby is open-source software. Anyone can download and modify the source code. Ruby supports dynamic typing. This means that variables do not have to be declared before they are used.
Disadvantages of using Ruby
Although Ruby is a versatile and powerful language, there are some disadvantages to using it. First, Ruby is not as fast as some other languages, so it may not be the best choice for time-sensitive applications. Second, Ruby can be difficult to learn, so beginners may want to start with a simpler language. Finally, Ruby is not as widely used as some other languages, so there may be fewer resources available for those who want to learn it.